Zoology is one of the broadest fields in all of science. The diversity of its sub disciplines reflects its breadth. These sub disciplines are based on particular functional, structural, or ecological interests that span many animal groups. Specializing in the biology of a particular group of animals is also possible.

Examples of specialization in Zoology

Sub discipline Description
Anatomy Study of the structure of entire organisms and their parts.
Cytology Study of the structure and function of the cells.
Ecology Study of the interaction of organisms with their environment.
Embryology Study of the development of an animal from the fertilized egg to birth or hatching.
Genetics Study of the mechanisms of transmition of traits from parents to offspring.
Histology Study of tissues.
Molecular Biology Study of sub cellular details of animals structure and function.
Parasitology Study of animals that livein or other organisms at the expense of the host.
Physiology Study of the function of organisms and their parts.
Systematics Study of the classification, and the evolutionary inter relationships among, animal groups.

Examples of specialization in Zoology by Taxonomic categories

Ethology Study of behavioural science
Entomology Study of insects
Herpetology Study of amphibian and reptiles
Ichthyology Study of fishes
Mammology Study of mamales
Ornithology Study of birds
Protozoology Study of protozoa


  1. One of the aims has been to meet the growing demands of specialization well as flexibility in the combination of different subject of the science faculty.
  2. Emerging areas of Biological Service, based on Biodiversity, Taxonomy, Physiology, Molecular Biology, Behavior science etc. have been given due coverage.


  1. Special emphasis is laid on the needs of the local conditions, the environment and the requirements of society. An effort has been made to link education with fieldwork and productivity.
  2. In the study of animal types, the animals of special interest in the country are studied. For instance, study of the Biodiversity, Taxonomy etc.
  3. The Practical orientation of the syllabus will enable the student to apply the knowledge acquired by students to the study of regional problems for instance, the study of local crops, their susceptibility to the pathogens and preventive measures.
  4. Topics of major importance for society have been given their due place e.g. Neurobiology, Endocrinology, Evolution and Behavior.


An effort has been made to include topics in Applied Biology, the study of which will help in increasing productivity and in providing employment opportunities including self-employment. Some instances are mentioned below :

  1. Study of some topics in physiology, such as Total and Differential W.B.C. Count, Total R.B.C. Count, Determination of Blood Groups, Estimation of Hemoglobin, Measurement of Blood Pressure, Detection of Blood Sugar Level, Detection of abnormal constituents of Human Urine etc., will enable the student to set up a pathology laboratory.
  2. The Practical exercises for submission will include activities like animal collection, preservation, stuffing animals, skeleton preparation; alizarins preparation, preparation of permanent slides, charts, models and of plastic-embedded specimens etc. The skills so acquired will enable a student to start a Biology supply house.
  3. Study of Wild life, its conservation and management gives students a scope to get employment as wildlife tourist guide, demographer and also as a Forensic Investigator in wildlife to check illegal trade of endangered.
  4. Zookeepers are employed by a zoo or aquarium, where they manage and befriend the animals on display.
  5. Zoo Curators are responsible for acquiring animals for zoos, either through breeding programs, through purchase from other zoos, or very occasionally from the wild.
  6. Animal and Wildlife Educators work in a public venue, such as a sanctuary, museum or aquarium, the educator creates a range of materials that help visitors to understand the wildlife they are seeing.
  7. Wildlife Rehabilitators care for ill, injured or orphaned wild animals that have been damaged by bushfires, oil spills, or other major disasters. They are responsible for then releasing the animals back into the wild.
  8. Animal Behaviorists train zoo employees how to interact with and successfully care for animals. They are usually trained in ethology (the study of animal behavior in natural habitats) and have had direct experience working with animals themselves.
  9. Conservationist work for conservation agencies, reporting on what is impacting on a particular species’ survival or on a region’s ecosystem.
  10. Researchers conduct research in private organisations or in university departments, where they also teach students.




1 Years (UP TO B.Sc. Sem. II)

Semester I Paper-I: Invertebrate Zoology-I Pest Control Technology
Semester II Paper-II: Invertebrate Zoology-II Animal Diversity

Ph. D. is pursuing under the Guidance of Dr. K.B. Patel

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